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Glossary of Yoshinkan Aikido Terms

View the Japanese language pronunciation guide
 
 
# A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
 
NUMBERS
1Ichi 11Juichi 21Nijuichi
2Ni 12Juni 22Nijuni
3San 13Jusan 23Nijusan
4Shi or Yon 14Juyon or Jushi 24Nijuyon
5Go 15Jugo 30Sanju
6Roku 16Juroku 80Hachiju
7Shichi or Nana 17Junana or Jushichi 100Hyaku
8Hachi 18Juhachi 145Hyaku Yonjugo
9Kyuu or Ku 19Juku 180Hyaku Hachiju
10Ju 20Niju 255Nihyaku Gojugo
 
A
AI HANMIShite and uke in same stance. Both are in right side kamae (MIGI AI HANMI) or both in left side kamae (HIDARI AI HANMI).
See also GYAKU HANMI
AIKIDO"The Way of Harmony"
AIKIDOKAGenerally, a practitioner of Aikido. This is a Japanese loanword (not typically used by native speakers). The original connotation of the word would imply the practitioner is exceptionally accomplished and highly respected.
ANZACross-leg sitting position
ARIGATOThank you (present, less polite)
ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITAThank you (polite, for something past)
ARIGATO GOZAIMASUThank you (polite, for something past or present)
ATEMI / ATEStrike; blow
AYACross
AYA MOCHICross-wrist grab
 
B
BOKKENWooden replica of the samurai sword.
BUKI WAZAWeapons technique
 
C
CHUDANMiddle. See also GEDAN and JODAN.
CHU-SHIN RYOKUThe 'center power', refers to the strength required to maintain your body's center line straight.
 
D
DOWay
DODegrees (of a circle). ie: Hiyaku Hachiju DO Kaiten
DOGIUniform worn when studying an art or way
DOJOHall used for martial arts training
DOMOThanks
DOMO ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITAThank you very much (for something past)
DOMO ARIGATO GOZAIMASUThank you very much (for something past or present)
DOSAMovement
 
E
ERICollar; lapel; neck; neckband. As in "eri mochi", to grab the collar at the back of the neck.
 
F
FUMIKOMICross Step, stepping into
 
G
GANMENZUKIFace thrust
GASSHUKUTraining camp
GEDANLow. See also CHUDAN and JODAN.
GIRI (or KIRI)Cut
GOZAIMASUto be (polite)/to exist/polite copula
GYAKU HANMIShite and uke in mirror image stance. Shite is in right side kamae, uke is in left side (MIGI GYAKU HANMI), or Shite is in left side kamae, uke is in right side kamae (HIDARI GYAKU HANMI).
See also AI HANMI
 
H
HAIYes
HAJIMEBegin
HAKAMAA divided pant like skirt worn by instructors
HANMIReady position with one leg bent in front and other extended behind.
See also KAMAE.
HANMI HANDACHIShite sitting, Uke standing
HAPOAll sides
HAPOGIRIEight Direction Cut
HENKOChange
HIDARILeft
HIJIElbow
HIJIATE NAGEHitting Elbow Throw
HIRIKI NO YOSEIElbow power
HIYAKU UKEMIJumping breakfall
HOMethod (as in kokyu ho, or shikko ho)
HOJO DOSAMovement initiating an ushiro waza technique. From ai hanmi kamae, uke shuffles in with a shomenuchi. Shite blocks the strike and delivers a shomentsuki. Uke brings his and shite's hand down to block the punch.
HONBU / HOMBUHeadquarters
 
I
ICHIThe number one. Note, as indicated in the pronunciation guide, this word is pronounced "ee-chee" or similarly to the English word "each" rather than the words "itchy" or "itch".
IIENo (pronounced ee-yeah)
IKKAJOFirst control
IRIMIEntering
 
J
JIYU WAZA Continuation / Freestyle techniques. "Students practicing jiyu waza should not only attempt to continuously throw uke with many techniques, but to also endeavour to use proper technique, and to do so naturally."
JOWooden staff, measuring on average 4 feet in length
JODANHigh. See also CHUDAN and GEDAN.
JUJINAGEArm cross throw
 
K
KAITENRotation; revolution; pivot
KAKARI GEIKO"Round robin" style training
KAMAEBasic stance
KANRENRelation; connection; relevance
KATAShoulder
KATANATraditional moderately curved single-edged Japanese sword. Also commonly known as the "samurai sword". It is 2 shaku (606mm / 23.9 in.) or more in length.
KATATEOne hand
KENSword
KENSHUTraining (esp. in-service); induction course
KIHON DOSABasic movement
KIHON DOSA RENZOKUContinuing or United basic movement
KIHON DOSA TO KANREN WAZABasic Movement and Related Techniques
KOHOBackward, behind, in the rear, in back
KOHO KAITEN UKEMIBackward roll
KOHO UKEMIBackward breakfall
KOKYU RYOKUBreath Power
KONBANWAGood evening
KONICHIWAGood afternoon
KOTEWrist; forearm;
KOTEGAESHIReverse hand throw
KOTAIChange
KURASU KAISAN SASERU
"Class dismissed" kurasu: Japanese pronunciation of "Class";
kaisan: (noun) breakup; dissolution;
saseru: (verb) to make (someone) do;
 
M
MAAIAppropriate distance such that a technique can be done well and with balance
MIGIRight
MOCHIGrasp
MOKUSOMeditation; silent contemplation. Close your eyes and clear your mind in preperation for Aikido training.
MUNEChest
 
N
NAGEThrow
NIParticle indicates location of a person, thing, short-term action, etc (ie: sensei ni rei); The number two (2).
NIKAJOSecond control
NOParticle placed between nouns, indicates the second noun belongs to the first
 
O
OBIBelt
OHAYOU GOZAIMASUGood morning
ONAJIKUChange stance to other side
OSAEPin or control
OSU #1 A strong, positive budo salutation indicating mutual respect
#2 Greeting used between close male friends; Hi!; yes sir!; yo!
#3 A concatenation of the term Ohayo gozaimasu or O(hayo gozaima)su. Considered a rather vulgar way of saying good morning, generally used between males in the morning because no one wants to talk too much after the previous nights drinking.
OTAGAI NI REIBow to each other
OYOApplication; put to practical use;
OYOWAZAPracticle application of technique. Advanced techniques.
 
R
REIBow
RENZOKUContinuation
RYOKUStrength; power
RYOHIJIBoth elbows
RYOHIJI MOCHIBoth elbows grasp
RYOTEWith both hands
RYOTE MOCHIBoth wrists grasp
 
S
SANKAJOThird control
SAYONARAGoodbye
SEIRETSULine up
SEIZAKneeling position
SEMPAISenior student
SENSEITeacher
SENSEI NI REIBow to teacher
SHICHIThe number four. This word is pronounced "she-chee" or "she-tch" (with the whispered final "i" sound), and is not pronounced "s-itch". Remember, "i" is pronounced like the "i" in macaroni.
SHIHOUAll direction
SHIKKOUKnee walking
SHIMELock; to squeeze, choke;
SHITEThe partner who executes an Aikido technique
SHITE, UKE KOTAIShite and uke change (roles)
SHOMENFront
SHOMEN NI REIBow to front
SHOMENUCHIFront strike (to the forehead)
SHOMENTSUKIBody punch
SHU-CHU RYOKUConcentrated power
SHUMATSUAn end; a close;
SHUMATSU DOSAAfter class excercise
SOKUMENSide; flank;
SOTAI DOSAMovement with partner
SURIASHISliding feet
SUWARI WAZAKneeling technique
 
T
TACHIAGARUStand up
TACHI WAZAStanding technique
TAI NO HENKOBody change
TANTOJapanese short sword, commonly referred to as knife or dagger. This is a single or double edged blade measuring between 15 and 30 cm (6-12 in. / 1 Shaku) in length. A wooden version is commonly used in aikido practice.
TEGATANAHand used like a sword in striking; "Hand blade", "Hand sword"
TENCHIHeaven and earth; the universe; nature; top and bottom; realm; sphere; world
TENCHINAGEHeaven and earth throw
TENKAIPivot; revolution; rotation
TENKANTurning movement, opposite of irimi
TO
Pronounced like the english word "toe".
#1 If; When;
#2 "And", as in:  
Hiriki No Yosei Ichi to Ni
Elbow Power 1 and 2
#3 With;
TSUKI (or ZUKI)A thrust; a lunge; a stab
 
U
UCHIStrike
UDEArm
UDEGARAMIArm lock
UKEThe partner who receives a technique. The word UKE is a shortened form of the word UKETE.
UKEMIBreakfall
USHIRO WAZABehind technique
 
W
WAKIZASHIJapanese short sword. Similar in appearance to the Katana, it measures between 30 and 60 cm (12 and 24 in) in length. It was traditionally worn together with the Katana and was the official sign that the wearer was a samurai.
WAZATechnique
 
Y
YAMEStop
YOI #1 Defined as a noun meaning "Implied meaning"
#2 (Adj) Good; nice; pleasant; fine; excellent; ok
#3 Other aikido glossaries define as a command to "Be ready", "Get ready" or "Prepare"
YOKOMEN UCHISide strike
YONKAJOFourth control
YUBIFinger
YUDANSHADan grade holder (black belt)
 
Z
ZANSHIN"Remaining attentive" - focus, concentration and the relationship between shite and uke are maintained at the end of a technique
ZENPOForward; frontward;
ZENPO KAITEN UKEMIForward breakfall
ZUKI (or TSUKI)A thrust; a lunge; a stab
Student Resources
   
Grading System
Dojo Etiquette
Belt Tying
Japanese Pronunciation Guide
Aikido Glossary of Terms
 
 
 

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